what is cyber crime. साइबर क्राइम क्या है।

Cyber Crime

India me jio ke aa jaane se internet users kaafi jada badh gye hai. log aaj ke time me internet ka itna use karte hai ki agar aap ye kahe ki internet manav jivan ka adhaar ban gya hai to ye galt nhi hoga. internet ne logo ki life ko kai hadd tak ashaan kar diya hai. duniya aaj har dusra admi internet use karta hai. har wah country jo aaj ke time me bhut develop hai ya technology se less hai wo sab internet ki madad se he possible ho paya hai. internet ka area aaj ke time itna bada hai ki pure world me internet ko use kiya jata hai. internet ne logo ko bhut tarh ki facility di hai. online shopping, email service, social sites, internet banking, location, online ticket ye sab hum internet ki help se apne ghar par bethe-bethe kar sakte hai. internet ke use se ab hum apne work ko time par wo bhut easily tarike se kar sakte hai.


What is cyber crime. साइबर क्राइम क्या है। 

internet ne humari life ko bhut easy to bana diya hai par esne humari security par ek question mark bhi kada kar diya hai. internet ko hum jitna secure samjhte hai utna secure ye hai nhi. ye to aap sab ko pata he hoga agar kisi cheez ke advantages hote hai to uske disadvantages bhi hote hai. bas yahi bat internet par bhi apply hoti hai. Internet ki apni ek alag duniya hai. Jaha kuch acche log hai to kuch bure bhi hote hai. 
Internet ye he bure log he humare dawara internet par ki ja rahi activities par nazar rakhte hai. or moka milte he humare system ko hack ya humari information leak kar dete hai. es type ke logo ko internet ki duniya me hackers ke naam se jana jata hai. jo ki apne profit ke liye internet users ki information ko hack kar lete hai. es tarh se system ko hack karna data ko leak ya data ka galt use karna cyber crime ke under aata hai. 

Types of cyber crime. साइबर क्राइम के प्रकार 

1.Hacking- ye words aaj sab ke liye bilkul common ho gya hai. kyu ki har din kahi na kahi tv, news paper me aap ko hacking se related news mile he jayegi. hackers jo activity ko karke kisi ko hack karte hai ya data ko leak kar dete hai. wo internet ki duniya me hacking activity ke naam se jana jata hai. hacking ko agar me simply words me kahu to bina kisi ki permission ke kisi ke system me inter hona. system ko nuksaan phahuchana ya kisi ke important data ko hack karke delete kar dena hacking ke under aata hai. es tarh ke kaam karne wale logo ko black hat hackers kaha jata hai. jo ki apne profit ke liye es tarh ke kaam karte hai ye badi-badi companies ke system ko hack kar lete or unko wapis dene ke liye company se laakho rupees tak ki maang karte hai. wahi dusri tarf ese log jo apni hacking skill ko logo ki help ke liye use karte hai unhe white hat hackers kaha jata hai. es tarh ke hacker ko badi-badi companies apni security ko strong banna or usme loop holes find karne ke liye hire karti hai. 

2.SQL Injection- SQL Injection website hacking se related ek activity hai. SQL Injection ki help se hackers kisi site par attack karke us website ko hack kar lete hai. ek website ke 2 part hote hai. html jiski madad se aap ki website ki font layout menu ko dekh pate hai jo ki web developer bante hai. or dusra data base jisme ki websites ki login information uski information hoti hai. hackers humesha data base ko he target karte hai. kyu data base me website administrator ka password hota hai. data base me agar jane ke baad hackers ko ye password or username mile jata hai to hackers proof kar sakte hai ki ye website unke hai. ese me hackers us website par kuch bhi changes kar sakte hai. humai kisi website ko access karne ke liye username or password ki need hoti hai. username or password ko churane ke liye hackers SQL Injection ka use karte hai. hackers data base ko target es liye karte hai kyu ki esme website ki key maltb website ka username or password store hota hai. hackers website ke url me se = ke baad ki vales me changes karke us data ko download kar leta hai esme na website ko koi nuskaan puchata hai. bas data download hone ke baad esi download data me website ka username or password hota hai. ab hacker aapki website par bina aapki permission ke ke kuch bhi changes kar sakta hai ya aapki website ko delete kar sakta hai.

3.Phishing- phishing hackers ki ek esi trick hai. jiske help se hackers aapke gmail,facebook,twitter ya bank account ko bhut he easy tarike se hack kar lete hai or aapko eska pata tak nhi chalta hai. phishing aaj ke time me hackers bhut use karte hai or logo ke account ko hack karke unke data ko copy kar lete hai. esme aapko apne facebook,twitter ya bank account se ek email aata hai. jisme likha hota hai ki aap ke account me kuch security issues hai hum aap ke account ko or secure kar dege. aap apne account ko ek baar link par click karke verify karwa le. ab kuch log es type ke mails dekh kar ghabra jate hai or wo apni details ko link par jakar submit kar dete hai. aap jaise he ye details us link par jakar submit karte hai aap ka account hack ho jata hai. hackers ke dawara en emails ko ese design kiya jata ki aap ko lagega ye genuine hai or ye kisi trusted source se he aaya hai. hackers aap ko ese email me ek link dete hai ki aap yaha par apni information ya details ko submit kare. ab aap link par click karte ho fir aap ek website par puch jayege. jaise he aap es website par aapki account details submit karte ho aap ka account hack ho jata hai or aap ko eska pata bhi nhi chalta hai.

4.Virus Dissemination- virus dissemination ka matlb virus ko failane se hota hai. virus ek computer program hota hai. Jo ki aapke computer system me jaakr aapke system ko hack kar sakta hai ya aapke data ko leak kar sakta hai. virus ko aapke system me kisi source ke through bhja jata hai. jaise he virus aapke computer system me inter hote hai ye apna work start kar dete hai. virus ke aate he aapke system ka loading time badh jata hai ya aapki disk space ya files ka size badh jata hai. agar aapke computer me virus inter ho jate hai to jab bhi aap apne system par kisi account ko login karte ho. ye aapke password or username ko copy karke hacker ke pass bhej deta hai. virus aapke computer system me kisi website, software ya data transfer se bhi aa sakta hai.

5.Carding- jaisa he naam se he aapko samajh me aa raha hoga ki ye hacking card se related hai. aaj duniya itni digital ho gye hai ki log aaj apne ghar se he online shopping, online money transfer karne lage hai. kyu ki aaj ke time me jada cash apne pass rakhna aapki security ko muskil me daal sakta hai. kyu ye cash chori ho sakta hai. es muskil se bachne ke liye bank humai debit card, credit cards provide karti hai es se aap bina kisi problem ke online shopping, money transfer kar sakte ho. par aaj ke time me to hackers aap ki cards ki detail ko chori karne me bhi capable ho gye hai.
example ke liye agar aap kisi hotel me dinner karne jate hai or aapke pass cash nhi hai to aap card ko use karte ho apne bill ko pay karne ke liye. ab agar aapne genuine bank ki authorized swipe machine par swipe kiya tab to aap safe hai. lekin agar aap ne hackers ke  dawara banai gye ek unauthorized swipe machine par swipe kar liya to wo swipe machine aapke data ko machine me store karke rakh leti hai. jis se in the future hackers aapke card se money transfer ya paise nikal bhi sakta hai. online shopping bhi agar aap kisi genuine site se nhi karte hai or aap apne card ke through apne bills waha par pay karte ho to aapki details churai ja sakti hai. kyu ki online shopping sites bhi aapki cards detail ko apni site par save karke rakh leti hai. baad me aapki credit card details ko carder ko sell kar diya jata hai. fir aapki card details se shopping or bhut tarh ke illegal kaam kiye jate hai. dark web par carding bhut popular hai yaha carder credit card details ko sell karte ya buy bhi karte hai. 

6.DNS Spoofing- DNS ka maltb domain name service hota hai. aap sab ye to jante honge ki har site ka ek ip address hota hai. jab aap google par www.facebook.com search karte ho to aapke samne facebook page show ho jata hai. DNS yahi work karta hai. jab aap kisi site ko search karte hai to resolve karke aap ke computer system ko uski ip deta hai. jis se aap us site ke home page par visit kar pate hai. DNS Spoofing ke case me hackers aap ki ip address ko spoof lete hai. spoofing ka matlb nakal karna ya copy karna hota hai. ab jab hackers ko aapka ip address mile jata hai tab hackers agar koi bhi keyword google par search karege to waha par google ko aapki ip show hoti hai. for example- aap facebook search kar rahe ho par aapke samne facebook ki jagh google show hota hai. kyu ki hackers aapki ip ka use karke kisi other website ko open karne ki request karte hai. jab aap apna facebook account open karoge to aapke samne facebook ki tarh he dekhne wali ek phishing site open hokar aa jati hai. aap es phishing site ko identify nhi kar paate or aap apna username or password daal kar login karte ho tab aapka facebook account hack ho jata hai. 

7.Software Piracy- Software piracy cyber crime ka ek bhut bada part hai. software ya fir operating system ki CD ki copy karke usai market me cheap price me sell karna software piracy khelta hai. jab koi software company koi software develop karti hai to company usko market me launch kar deti hai. jis se users ki help ho or company money earn kar sake. software company ka ek copyright material hota hai. jiske rights company ke pass hote hai. esko use karne ke liye company ki kuch sarte hoti hai. normal users na esko copy kar sakte hai. na he esko kisi other person ko distribute kar sakte hai. lekin kuch en software or operating system ki CD ko copy kar lete hai. ye log en software ko market me bhut cheap price me sell kar dete hai. for example- agar kisi user ko window 7 ki CD 7000 ki mile rahi hai to es log un users ko window 7 ki CD 500 ki cheap price me provide karwa dete hai. jis se company ko bhut nuksaan uthana padta hai. torrent par bhi ye software users ko free me available karwa diye jate hai. ye piracy es hadd tak badti ja rahi hai ki software company, music company ko har saal bhari mantra me nuksaan uthana padta hai.

8.Cyber bullying- cyber bullying ka matlab kisi ko internet par darna, dhamkana,torture or eske badale me un se galt kam karwana cyber bullying ke under aata hai. es crime me jada target chote baccho ko kiya jata hai. kyu ki chote baccho me itne samjh nhi hoti or wo ashaani se kisi ke bato me aa jate hai. chote baccho ko galt picture click karna, dhamki dena,galt bhasa ka paryog kar kar baccho se galt kaaam karwa liye jate hai. baccho ko es hadd tak torture kar diya jata hai ki wo apni family, friends ya kisi other person ko ye batai bata tak nhi pate hai. result es dar se bacche ese path par nikal jate hai jaha se wapis aana unke liye bhut muskil ho jata hai. baccho ke dimag par esi bato ka itna negative effect padta hai. wo apni samjh se kuch nhi kar pate hai or depression me chale jate hai. es tarh ki activities karke kisi ko darna,dhamkana ya us se kisi tarh ka koi glat kaam karwana cyber crime ke under aata hai jiske liye ki Government ne bhut se rules bana liye hai.



ye post bhi read kare -

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