Malware

Malware kya hai (मैलवेयर क्या है)                                                  malware ka pura naam Malicious software hai. ye ek software program hai. jo ki computer ko infect karta hai. Malicious software wo software hote hai jo ek baar aap ke system me chal jaye to ye aap ke system ko puri tarah se kharab kar sakte hai. malware bhi ek virus ka naam hai jo dhire-dhire aap ke computer ke data ko khatam karne lagta hai. 


malware pc computer me aate kaha se hai (मैलवेयर कंप्यूटर में आते कहा से है)
ye aap ke computer/pc me 2 tarah se aa sakte hai. 
1. Online malware
online malware aap ke computer me kahi se bhi aa sakte hai inka koi ek source nhi hota hai. aaj log din bhar computer me bethe rhate hai or kuch new janne or sikhne ke ka try krte rahte hai. sab se common source hai eska computer se game, video, movies, software, es trah ki cheeze kisi malicious site se download karte hai to ye online aap ke system me aa jate hai or aapke system ko infect karte rhate hai.


2.offline malware 
offline malware aap jab kisi se date ko apne computer me lete hai us time aa jate hai es se ye aap ke computer me Pendrive, CDS, DVDS,  se data transfer se bhi aa sakta hai. jab hum es tarah ki koi bhi activity karte hai to es tarh aap ke system me data ko transfer karne se malware aa jate hai jo aapke system me jake aapke data ko dhire-dhire infect karte rahte hai. 

Types of malware ( मैलवेयर के प्रकार )
Malware 3 types ke hote hai
1. Virus 
2. Worms
3. Trojan Horse

1.virus (वायरस) - computer virus ek computer program hota hai. jo ki users ki bina anumati ke computer me aa jata hai or aa jata hai or user ko eska koi pata tak nhi chalta hai. phela computer virus creeper tha ye TENEX oprating system ke dawara fela tha. ye computer ka use karne or infect karne ke liye kisi bhi judai hue modem ka upyog  kar sakta tha. ye ek message show karta tha "me creeper hu pakad sakte ho to pakad lo" ye virus  Bob Thomas ke dawara banaya gya tha. 
virus aap ke computer ki file or software ko infect kar sakta hai. ye aap ke system me ghus kar aap ki file ko corrupt kar deta hai. jis se aap ki file aap mostly time open nhi kar pate hai ya aap on kar bhi le to dhire-dhire2 aap gyaab hota rhega. ye aapke word processing software ko bhi puri tarh se corrupted kar sakta hai. es tarh agar aap kisi infected file ko copy karke kisi or ke computer me share karte hai to dusre computer me jakar ye uski file ko bhi infect ya kharab kar skata hai.

2.Worms (वर्म्स)
worms bhi computer virus ki tarh he hote hai lekin ye alag trah se work karke aapke computer ya system ko infect karte hai. ye data ko itna infect nhi karte par ha ye data ko lagtar badte rhte hai mera maltb hai ye aap ke system me jada se jada failne ki koshsis karte hai. or aap ke data ki lagatar file ki copies bante rahte hai or data ko badate rhate hai. jis se aapka system bhut slow ho jata hai or computer kisi file ko open karne me bhut jada time le leta hai. agar aap computer se usi file ko kisi or computer me transfer karte hai to worms us system me bhi chale jate hai or or file ki bhut saari copies bana kar system ko puri trah se slow kar dete hai.

3. Trojan Horse (ट्रोजन हॉर्स) 
Trojan Horse ek Dangerous computer program hota hai. ye aapke aapke computer data ko delete kar skata hai. password ko chura skata hai. system ko restart kar sakta hai. trojan aapki anumati ke bina aap ke system me malware ko install bhi kar sakta hai. yadi aap kisi software ko download karte hai ya kisi ads par click kar dete hai to ye aapke computer system me apne aap install ho jate hai or sab se badi baat ye hai ki aapko eska pata bhi nhi hota ki ye aapke computer system me install ho chuka hai. ye internet par bhut si sites par aap ko mile skate hai. aap kisi software ko download karne ka sochege aap ko lagega ye genuine hai or aap jab use install kar lege to trojan bhi aap ke system me install ho jayega. ye dhire-dhire aapke computer system ko slow karte rhega or aapke data ko nuksaan puchata rahega. trojan aapke computer me aane ke baad aapke system ki security bhut weak ho jati hai or koi bhi malware, virus, worms aapke ke computer me aasani se  aa jate hai. 
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